The Fire Safety Order – The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 - requires those responsible for workplaces to appoint a ‘responsible person’ to carry out a fire risk assessment of their premises, identifying all possible sources for fire which might endanger the lives of building occupants. They are legally required to take action to eliminate - or at least to minimise - risks to the safety of the building's occupants.
The Fire and Rescue Services have power under the legislation to inspect premises for compliance and to institute legal action for non-compliance. Should the ‘Responsible Person’ failed to have carried out fire risk assessments or taken appropriate action to protect the safety of building occupants they will be liable to prosecution. If a fire causes injury or death, they may be liable to criminal prosecution.
A spokesman for the Fire Authority has stated "uncleaned grease extract ventilation systems present probably the greatest potential fire risk in buildings with catering facilities".